Mesh density / knitting strength / crochet strength
Yarn and many patterns have a specified gauge, or knitting strength/crochet strength as it is also called. The stitch density is an expression of the number of stitches on a surface 10 x 10. In order for your knitting/crochet to agree with what is specified in a pattern, you need to ensure that you get the right proportions for your work. Therefore, always make a test square and make sure you get exactly the same measurements. As an example, if the gauge is 26 x 36 with 3,0 mm needles, this means that your knitted square measuring 10 x 10 cm should have 26 stitches in width and 36 stitches in height with 3,0 mm needles. The stated size of the knitting needles is only indicative, should you get the wrong measurement on your sample sheet, you adjust the size of the knitting needles. If you get more stitches, you go down in needle size, if you get fewer stitches, you change to a larger size. Sometimes only the number of stitches is given on the width and no number on the height. Remember to cast off stitches before you measure, and feel free to knit a few rounds/stitches extra, then it will be easier to measure and read correctly. Always do a test patch, it's worth it to get a perfect end result!
Yarn groups and thickness of yarn
All yarns are divided into yarn groups according to their gauge and thickness of the thread. This is sometimes called yarn weight from the English yarn weight. These yarn groups are good to use when looking for an alternative yarn and the gauge doesn't need to be exact.
Table yarn groups
There are several different variations on yarn groups. We have chosen to use Ravelry Standard Yarn Weights which are from the more common yarn groups.
|Lace||32 - 34 m / 10 cm|
|Light Fingering||32 m / 10 cm|
|Fingering||28 m / 10 cm|
|sports||24 - 26 m / 10 cm|
|DK||22 m / 10 cm|
|Worsted||20 m / 10 cm|
|Aran||18 m / 10 cm|
|bulky||14 - 15 m / 10 cm|
|Super Bulky||7 - 12 m / 10 cm|
|Jumbo||0 - 6 m / 10 cm|